CPO Standards

http://www.hhs.state.ne.us/enh/san/swimming/StudentManual.pdf

Table of Contents
Page No
Introduction 1
Rules and Regulations 2
Pool Management 3
Basic Swimming Pool and Spa Operation 6
Outdoor Pool Care 9
Summary 10
Healthy Swimming 12
Don’t Drink and Swim 12
Biofilm 13
Spa Environments 13
Disease Prevention Guidelines 13
Contact Time 13
Summary 15
Circulation and Filtration 17
Circulation 17
Recirculation Rate 20
Filtration 20
Types of Filters 21
Summary 24
Water Balance 25
pH 25
Total Alkalinity 27
Temperature 29
Summary 29
Water Treatment 30
The Chemistry of Chlorination 31
Types of Chlorine 32
Alternative Sanitizers and Chemicals 34
Other Pool Chemicals 36
Summary 38 2
Water Testing Methods 40
Pool Water Testing 40
Testing for Chlorine 42
Testing for pH 44
Testing for Alkalinity 44
Testing for Cyanuric Acid (stabilizer) 45
Chemical Automation – ORP Meter/Controller 45
Summary 46
Water Spas 48
Codes and Standards for Operation 48
Water Chemistry 48
Filtration 51
Safety 52
Summary 53
Trouble Shooting Guides
Chemical 55
Circulation 58
Automated Systems 61
Attachments 64
Attachment #1 – Glossary
Attachment #2 – Fecal Accident Response (CDC Guide)
Attachment #3 – Accident Report
Attachment #4 – Water Quality Log Sheet
3

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